Dear Reader, There’s a clear pattern in gold mining, with producers being forced to go after lower-grade deposits. You could call this Peak Gold. We have a look at the trend and its implications below. First, I want to let all of you who have been writing with questions about our Hard Assets Alliance bullion service know that we’ve set up an email hotline specifically to answer these questions: HAAquestions@caseyresearch.com. We’d actually like to encourage everyone to send in questions, especially those who’ve had a look at the Hard Assets Alliance but aren’t sure if it meets their needs; we’d like to hear about concerns and improve upon the service to better meet clients’ needs. I also want to mention that there are new Casey phyles starting up—one in Bangkok and one in Mallorca (its coordinator travels and is willing to coordinate meetings throughout Spain). Email inquiries should be directed to email@example.com. Now, on to the main event—I hope you find it as informative as I did. Sincerely, Silver Stocks (SIL) 15.82 12.63 19.72 Gold 1,377.20 1,290.40 1,617.10 Oil 107.33 105.69 95.89 TSX (Toronto Stock Exchange) 12,736.92 12,516.89 12,032.58 Gold Producers (GDX) 29.79 25.65 45.65 Louis James Senior Metals Investment Strategist Casey Research Copper 3.34 3.19 3.38 Gold Junior Stocks (GDXJ) 48.85 39.18 82.24 Silver 23.26 19.94 28.21 One Year Ago Rock & Stock Stats Last One Month Ago TSX Venture 940.23 910.84 1,221.25
Recommended Links • Larry Fink doesn’t think U.S. stocks should be rallying either… Fink is the chairman and CEO of BlackRock. That makes him one of the most powerful people in the world. Like us, Fink isn’t “buying” this stock rally. CNBC reported yesterday: “I don’t think we have enough evidence to justify these levels in the equity market at this moment,” Fink said Thursday on CNBC’s “Squawk Box.” According to Fink, stocks are rallying for the wrong reasons: He said the recent rally has been supported by institutional investors covering shorts, or bets that stocks would fall, and not individual investors feeling bullish. “Since Brexit, we’ve seen ETF flows almost at record levels … $18 billion of inflows,” Fink said. “However, in the mutual fund area, we’re continuing to see outflows.” What that tells you is retail investors are pulling out, he said. “You’re seeing institutions who were short going into Brexit … all now rushing in to recalibrate their portfolios.” In other words, this rally could fizzle out any day. • We recommend you invest with great caution right now… If you still own stocks, consider selling your weakest positions. Get rid of your most expensive stocks. Only hang on to companies that you know can make money in a long economic downturn. We also encourage you to own gold. As we said earlier, it’s real money. It’s preserved wealth for centuries because it possesses a unique set of attributes: It’s durable, easy to transport, and easily divisible. You can take a gold coin anywhere in the world and folks will instantly recognize its value. We recommend most folks to hold 10% to 15% of their wealth in gold. Once you own enough gold, consider putting money into silver. It could deliver even bigger gains than gold in the years to come. To learn why, watch this short video presentation. It explains why the biggest threat to your wealth right now isn’t an economic recession, a stock market crash, or even a global banking crisis. It’s something much bigger and far more dangerous. The good news is that you can protect yourself from this coming crisis. Watch this free video to learn how. • REMINDER: Our friends at Bonner & Partners are holding a special training series… If you’ve been reading the Dispatch, you know part of our job is to share exciting opportunities with you when we hear about them. Today, we invite you to take part in a special training series hosted by Jeff Brown, editor of Exponential Tech Investor. If you haven’t heard of Jeff, he’s an aerospace engineer, tech insider, and angel investor. His advisory, Exponential Tech Investor, focuses on young technology companies with big upside. For example, Jeff recommended an IT security company in October that’s already up 72%. Another one of Jeff’s picks has jumped 38% since February. And one is up 178% in less than a month. In Jeff’s training series, he reveals his secret to making money in technology stocks. He also talks about a HUGE opportunity taking shape in the technology space. Click here to sign up for Jeff’s training series. It’s 100% free and will take up less than 15 minutes of your time. Click here to register. Chart of the Day Silver stocks just hit a new three-year high. Today’s chart shows the performance of iShares MSCI Global Silver Miners ETF (SLVP), which tracks large silver miners. As regular readers know, silver stocks are leveraged to the price of silver. It doesn’t take a big jump by silver for them to skyrocket. This year, silver’s 45% jump caused SLVP to soar 171%. It’s now trading at its highest level since April 2013. If you think gold and silver are headed much higher like we do, you could put some of your money into gold and silver stocks. According to Doug Casey, these stocks could enter a “super bubble” in the coming years. Keep in mind, these are some of the most volatile stocks on the planet. Many gold and silver stocks can swing 5% or more in a day. If you can stomach that kind of volatility, you could see huge returns in gold and silver stocks over the next few years. Regards, Justin Spittler Delray Beach, Florida July 15, 2016 We want to hear from you. If you have a question or comment, please send it to firstname.lastname@example.org. We read every email that comes in, and we’ll publish comments, questions, and answers that we think other readers will find useful. Silver is sending us an important warning. Yesterday, the price of silver closed at $20.30, its highest price since July 2014. Silver is now up 45% this year. That’s nearly eight times better than the S&P 500’s 5.9% return. And it’s almost double gold’s 25% gain this year. If you’ve been reading the Dispatch, you know silver is rallying for the same reason gold’s taken off. Investors are worried about the economy and financial system. Like gold, silver is real money. It’s also a safe haven asset that investors buy when they’re nervous. Unlike gold, silver is an industrial metal. It goes into everything from batteries to solar panels. Because of this, it’s more sensitive to economic slowdowns. That’s why many folks think of silver as gold’s more volatile cousin. Lately, silver has been acting more like a precious metal than an industrial metal. It’s soaring because the global economy is in serious trouble. Today, we’ll explain why silver is likely headed much higher. And we’ll show you the best way to profit from rising silver prices. • Silver has been in a bear market for the better part of the last five years… From April 2011 to December 2015, the price of silver plummeted 72%. This 56-month downturn was the longest silver bear market on record. As brutal as this bear market was, we knew it wouldn’t go on forever. That’s because silver, like other commodities, is cyclical. It experiences booms and busts. As you just saw, the losses in commodity bear markets can be huge. But the gains in commodity bull markets can be even bigger. During its 2008–2011 bull market, silver soared an incredible 441%. That’s why we watch commodities so closely. Every few years, they give you the chance to make huge gains in a short period of time. • On December 18, Casey Research founder Doug Casey said silver wouldn’t get much cheaper… Doug told Kitco, one of the world’s biggest precious metals retailers, that gold and silver were near a bottom: My opinion is if it’s not the bottom, it’s close enough to the bottom. So, I have to be an aggressive buyer of both gold and silver at this point. Doug’s call was dead on. Silver bottomed at $13.70 an ounce on December 17. That same day, gold bottomed at $1,051 an ounce. In other words, Doug was one day off from perfectly calling the bottom in gold and silver. • The price of silver has soared 49% since December… But it could head much higher in the coming years. Remember, silver soared 441% during its last bull market. Silver is “cheap” too. It’s trading 58% below its 2011 high, even after this year’s monster rally. It’s also never been more important to own “real money.” That’s because it looks like the world is on the cusp of a major financial crisis. Doug explains: Right now, we are exiting the eye of the giant financial hurricane that we entered in 2007, and we’re going into its trailing edge. It’s going to be much more severe, different, and longer lasting than what we saw in 2008 and 2009. As longtime readers know, the last financial crisis caused the S&P 500 to plunge 57%. It sparked America’s worst economic downturn since the Great Depression. And it allowed the government to launch a series of radical “stimulus” measures, none which actually helped the economy. • BlackRock (BLK) sees tough times ahead too… BlackRock is the world’s biggest asset manager. It oversees $4.6 trillion. That’s more than the annual economic output of Japan, the world’s third-biggest economy. BlackRock manages more money than Goldman Sachs (GS), JPMorgan Chase (JPM), and Bank of America (BAC). This makes it one of the world’s most important financial institutions…and one that probably understands the global economy better than almost any other company on the planet. Like us, BlackRock’s chief investment strategist, Richard Turnill, thinks the next few years could be very difficult. CNBC reported on Monday: “This feels more and more like we’re in an environment of low returns and high volatility for some time,” Richard Turnill said on “Squawk Box.” “The period of political [Brexit] uncertainty ahead of us isn’t going to last for weeks or quarters, but potentially for years,” he said. • According to BlackRock, the “Brexit” made the global economy more unstable… If you’ve been reading the Dispatch, you know Great Britain voted to leave the European Union (EU) on June 23. The Brexit, as folks are calling it, shook financial markets from Tokyo to New York. It erased more than $3 trillion from the global stock market in two days. Then, stocks started to rally. By this Tuesday, global stocks fully “recovered” from the Brexit bloodbath. The S&P 500 and Dow Jones Industrial Average even hit new all-time highs this week. Many investors took this as proof that the worst was over. We, on the other hand, reminded readers to not lose sight of the big picture. We explained that stocks were rallying because they’re the least bad place to put your money right now. We encouraged you to not “get sucked back into the stock market.” [FREE VIDEO] The Three Laws of Hypergrowth Stocks… Tech investing expert Jeff Brown has worked in “big tech” for 25 years… He’s seen from the “inside” how small companies grow into billion-dollar industry-dominators. Jeff says most uber-successful companies have these three things in common… Click here to learn more… — – Could This Tiny Startup Make You Rich? It owns a radical new technology experts are calling the fastest growing trend since the invention of the internet. Get the details now.
– • China’s economy is growing at its slowest pace since 1990… Many analysts think the PBOC weakened the yuan again to stimulate the economy. You see, China’s economy revolves around exports. And a weaker yuan makes China more competitive. The Chinese yuan has now fallen 3.2% against the U.S. dollar this year. But it could be headed even lower over the next 12 months. Reuters reported on Monday: On Oct. 6, a Reuters poll of more than 70 foreign exchanges strategists showed they expected the yuan to fall another 3 percent by next September. In other words, the Chinese government is prepared to do what every other central bank does these days: stimulate its economy at the first sign of trouble. • Meanwhile, the U.S. dollar hit a 10-week high today… It’s now up 5.4% since May…but that’s only because the Federal Reserve is doing less damage right now than other central banks. For one, it’s not “printing” money anymore. It’s also talking about raising interest rates. But Louis James, editor of International Speculator, doesn’t think you should put much stock in what the Fed says. Louis wrote in this month’s issue of Casey Resource Investor: Despite much flapping of lips, the Fed has once again failed to follow through on its threats to raise interest rates. First it was going to be four rate hikes this year. Then it was two. So far, it’s been zero. They tell us all is well and getting better, but their inaction says they’re lying. If the U.S. economy runs into serious problems like we expect, the Fed will do what central banks always do: keep the easy money flowing. That’s because central bankers all use the same blueprint. Louis explains: The Fed and central bankers around the world are following established economic doctrine and preferring policies they know, rather than trying anything different. Negative interest rates are a pretty extreme form of their usual tinkering with interest rates, but still a form of the same woefully inadequate method. Like other central banks, the Fed will eventually go too far with its monetary experiment. • REMINDER: Casey Research founder Doug Casey will be in New Orleans later this month… Doug will be presenting at the New Orleans Investment Conference from October 26–29. If you’ve never heard of this conference, it’s one of the most highly regarded investment events in the world, and this year is expected to be the best one yet. Along with Doug, you’ll get to hear from some of the most respected names in the business, including P.J. O’Rourke, James Grant, James Altucher, Dennis Gartman, Rick Rule, and dozens more. You’ll also hear from our own Louis James and Crisis Investing Editor Nick Giambruno. And as a Casey subscriber, you’ll have access to an exclusive event where you and other subscribers will have the opportunity to take part in a Q&A session with Doug, Louis, and Nick. Keep in mind, space is limited. If you’re interested in attending this year’s event, we recommend you sign up soon. You can learn more by clicking here. Chart of the Day The currency market looks like it’s “pricing in” a Hillary win. Today’s chart shows the value of the Mexican peso versus the U.S. dollar this year. You can see the Mexican peso’s performance since the start of the year. It hit an all-time low on September 26, which happened to be the same day of the first U.S. presidential debate. Now, if you’ve been following the U.S. presidential race, you’re probably not surprised the Mexican peso tanked. After all, one of Donald Trump’s main agendas is to “build a wall” along the U.S.-Mexico border. However, you can see the Mexican peso has surged 5% since the first presidential debate. This tells us Trump’s chances of becoming the next president are deteriorating by the day…at least according to the currency market. The world’s biggest financial market is acting erratic. We’re not talking about the global stock market, or even the bond market. We’re talking about the global currency market. The currency market is where paper money trades hands. It’s much bigger and more important than the global stock market. Yet the average investor almost never hears about it. That’s because major currencies rarely move more than a fraction of a percent in a day. When they do make big moves, they ripple across stock, bond, and even real estate markets. Paper currencies are the backbone of the global financial system, after all. Today, we’re going to look at some recent big moves by major currencies. As you’ll see, we could see a lot more moves like this in the months ahead. • The British pound nosedived 1.4% on Friday… It was the pound’s biggest one-day decline in three months…but it could have been much worse. At 7 a.m., Hong Kong time, the pound plunged 6% in two minutes. You almost never see a paper currency move that much and that quickly. Many media outlets blamed the “flash crash” on high-frequency traders (HFTs). As you may know, HFTs are computers that trade according to algorithms. Occasionally, they’ll move billions of dollars at once. They can turn a routine selloff into a full-blown bloodbath. The market normally “corrects” these moves. But the pound still ended Friday down big. This isn’t the first time the pound has crashed this year, either. • The pound plunged 8.1% on June 24… As you may remember, Great Britain voted to leave the European Union (EU) on that day. The unprecedented decision, known as “Brexit,” triggered the pound’s worst day in decades. It also knocked more than $3 trillion from the global stock market in two days. Days later, many analysts said the worst was over. The consensus was that Britain’s economy and financial system would experience a “soft landing.” We warned that Brexit was just “a taste of what’s to come.” You can see in the chart below that the pound is now down 19% since Brexit. It’s trading at its lowest level against the U.S. dollar in more than three decades. The next big bankruptcy When Britain left the EU in July, markets around the world plunged… Here in the USA, the Dow crashed 871 points in just two days. Now, another major European country is voting to leave the EU. If it leaves (and it surely will), markets could plummet again… Only this time, it’ll be much, much worse. Click here to learn more. Obama’s New Law Gives $42.4 Billion Back to Taxpayers… On December 18, 2015, President Obama quietly signed a bill that gives 119 million eligible Americans the chance to collect on “consumer rebate checks” that could go anywhere from $1,230 to $12,900 for some people. There are no income requirements to collect. Full details here… — • Dispatch readers know exactly why the pound never rebounded… Days after Brexit, the Bank of England (BoE) rolled out a giant “stimulus” package. It dropped its key interest rate from 0.5% to 0.25%. And it expanded its quantitative easing (QE) program. That’s when a central bank creates money and pumps it into the financial system. It’s basically another term for money printing. As we’ve said many times before, these measures never actually help the economy. All they do is inflate financial asset prices and weaken paper currencies. The pound isn’t the only major currency that’s tanked recently… • The yuan, China’s currency, hit a six-year low on Monday… But unlike the pound, traders didn’t drive the yuan lower. The People’s Bank of China (PBOC) did. You see, the yuan doesn’t trade freely like most other major currencies. Instead, it’s loosely “fixed” to the value of the U.S. dollar. The PBOC sets a price point and the yuan can trade within 2% of that midpoint. Last August, the PBOC shocked the global financial markets by devaluing the yuan three times. The unexpected devaluation triggered a global stock market selloff that erased 11% from the S&P 500 in just six days. On Monday, the PBOC devalued its currency again. It lowered the yuan’s midpoint 0.3% from 6.7008 against the U.S. dollar to 6.6778. That’s the currency’s lowest fix since September 2010. The latest devaluation didn’t catch the global financial markets by surprise this time. But that doesn’t make Monday’s devaluation any less important. Recommended Links Regards, Justin Spittler Delray Beach, Florida October 11, 2016 We want to hear from you. If you have a question or comment, please send it to email@example.com. We read every email that comes in, and we’ll publish comments, questions, and answers that we think other readers will find useful.
A hunter with bow and arrow, in a steamy sub-Saharan savanna, stalks a big, exotic animal. After killing and butchering it, he and his hunt-mates bring it back to their families and celebrate.This enduring scenario is probably what many of us have stuck in our heads about how early humans lived. It’s an image with drama and danger. And it happens to coincide with Western ideas about the division of labor and the nuclear family that were prevalent in the 1960s when this so-called “Man the Hunter” theory first emerged.A newer body of research and theory, much of it created by women, has conjured a very different scenario. It probably looks a little more like a quirky indie film than a Hollywood blockbuster. The star of this new film? Grandma.Kristen Hawkes is an anthropologist at the University of Utah. She tries to figure out our past by studying modern hunter-gatherers like the Hadza, who likely have lived in the area that is now northern Tanzania for thousands of years. Groups like this are about as close as we can get to seeing how our early human ancestors might have lived.Over many extended field visits, Hawkes and her colleagues kept track of how much food a wide sample of Hadza community members were bringing home. She says that when they tracked the success rates of individual men, “they almost always failed to get a big animal.” They found that the average hunter went out pretty much every day and was successful on exactly 3.4 percent of those excursions. That meant that, in this society at least, the hunting hypothesis seemed way off the mark. If people here were depending on wild meat to survive, they would starve.So if dad wasn’t bringing home the bacon, who was? After spending a lot of time with the women on their daily foraging trips, the researchers were surprised to discover that the women, both young and old, were providing the majority of calories to their families and group-mates.Mostly, they were digging tubers, which are deeply buried and hard to extract. The success of a mother at gathering these tubers correlated with the growth of her child. But something else surprising happened once mom had a second baby: That original relationship went away and a new correlation emerged with the amount of food their grandmother was gathering.She describes this finding as “mind-blowing.” In this foraging society, it turns out, grandmothers were more important to child survival than fathers. Mom and grandma were keeping the kids fed. Not Man the Hunter.This finding led Hawkes to completely re-evaluate what she thought she knew about human evolution. Grandmothers were crucial in this environment to childhood survival. So maybe it wasn’t an accident that humans are the only great ape species in which women live so long past reproductive age. If having a helpful grandmother increased a kid’s chances of survival, natural selection may well have started selecting for older and older women. (This endowment would have passed also to human men.)Sarah Hrdy is a primatologist at U.C. Davis who also studies connections between child-rearing and human evolution. She has spent a lot of time thinking and writing about a related topic. She says, “An ape that produced such costly, costly slow-maturing offspring as we have could not have evolved unless mothers had a lot of help.” First among these helpers, she thinks, would have been grandma – likely joined eventually by many other new helpers, who could have included fathers, aunts, uncles and siblings.If young kids were being fed by people besides mom, she thinks that over evolutionary time, this could have led humans to develop the deep social orientation that characterizes our species – to care so much about the thoughts and intentions of other people. She says, “People often try to explain the fact that humans are so good at cooperating by saying, well, we needed to cooperate in order to succeed at big game hunting, or so that men in one group could bond with other men to go wipe out the neighboring group. What that doesn’t do is explain why these traits emerge so early.”She’s talking about babies and the advanced social traits that we can see even before they begin walking – like pointing, sharing and paying attention to social cues like smiling and frowning. From the standpoint of a human baby, this caregiving situation is very different than for any other species of great ape child. Baby chimpanzees, bonobos, orangutans and gorillas are all cared for exclusively by mom. And these primate moms are extremely protective of their babies — sometimes not even letting another ape touch the baby for months after birth.For human babies though, other human adults are usually present right at, or shortly after, birth — first helping the mother and then later helping and feeding the baby. We are the only great ape species that does this. Human babies, Hrdy argues, have an incentive to care about what other people are doing and thinking and feeling in a way that other apes don’t. Knowing who might help and who might hurt, and learning how to appeal to the former, might be the difference between eating well or going hungry – maybe even the difference between life and death in some cases.Michael Tomasello is a developmental psychologist at Duke University and the Max Planck Institute. After a career of comparing cognitive differences between babies and apes, he has found that other apes don’t show anywhere near the level of interest in the sharing and cooperative behaviors that emerge so early in humans: “Humans as individuals aren’t that much cleverer than other apes. It’s the fact that we can put our heads together with others and communicate and collaborate and learn from others and teach others. Human children are adapted for cooperation and shared intentionality in ways that apes aren’t.”Tomasello originally assumed that the pro-social traits seen in human babies were preparing kids for skills they’d need as adults, in line with the Man the Hunter hypothesis. Now he thinks that Hrdy’s proposal – that human babies are so socially oriented as a result of shared child care and feeding – is a more compelling theory. The traits appear so early in a human’s life that it makes better sense that they were adapted to early childhood situations rather than adult hunting behaviors.It’s this ability to “put our heads together,” as Tomasello puts it, that may have allowed humans to survive, thrive and spread across the globe. While the men were out hunting, grandmothers and babies were building the foundation of our species’ success – sharing food, cooperating on more and more complex levels and developing new social relationships. In a nutshell, humanity’s success may all be dependent on the unique way our ancestors raised their kids. Thanks, Grandma. Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.
The latest Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo comes just a week after the last outbreak there was declared over. Making things worse for Congolese health officials, this new cluster of Ebola cases is in the volatile North Kivu province, where heavily armed militants have driven hundreds of thousands of people from their homes. The Congolese health ministry made the announcement this week, stating that at least 26 people have fallen ill with what appears to be hemorrhagic fever near the town of Beni and 20 have died. Laboratory tests have confirmed that four of the patients were infected with Ebola.North Kivu is a lawless, mineral-rich area in the northeast of the country, close to the border with Uganda.The previous outbreak in Equateur province was 1,500 miles away in the northwest of the DRC near the Congo River.”This new cluster is occurring in an environment which is very different from where we were operating in the northwest,” says Dr. Peter Salama, head of emergencies for the World Health Organization, in a statement. “This is an active conflict zone. The major barrier will be safely accessing the affected population.”Over the last decade armed groups in North Kivu have massacred civilians and each other while vying for control of the province’s deposits of gold, diamond and coltan, an ore used in cellphones and other electronics..Michelle Gayer, director of emergency health for the International Rescue Committee, oversaw a team of clinicians, nurses and sanitation engineers from IRC sent to help with the Equateur outbreak. She’s now planning to send some of those same staff to work on the North Kivu flare-up, which she says will be far more complex than the last one.”This is an area where there’s been a lot of population displacement because of conflict,” she says. “Routes may be cut off. We may not be able to get supplies into certain places. We may not be able to travel at certain times of the day or evening. And just in general the security of our staff is definitely a problem.”Gayer knows this region well. Her aid agency already works with 61 health clinics spread across the province. “In these sorts of zones where people don’t want to go, it’s always going to be harder even just to hire a car,” she says. “So that will delay things and will make it more expensive. We just need to be prepared for that.” Nearly a million people in North Kivu have been forced from their homes by the violence. Gayer says that general living conditions for many of the displaced are poor, making it even harder to mount an Ebola response.”Don’t be surprised if there’s a cholera outbreak in the middle of this as well because the risk factors are there,” she says. “It [North Kivu] has been in this humanitarian situation for so long the health status of people is much worse. Vaccination coverage is less. There are nutritional problems. The water and sanitation is worse. So it’s not just the security. It’s everything.”But she adds that the good thing is that the DRC and international health agencies are gaining experience with this disease. The Equateur outbreak, which was declared officially over on July 24, was controlled fairly quickly and only 36 people died. The West African outbreak that raged in 2014 and 2015 sickened nearly 30,000 people and claimed more than 11,000 lives. Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.
Fresh waves of grief have hit the communities of Parkland, Fla., and Newtown, Conn., after recent news of more deaths.On Monday, the father of a girl who was killed in the 2012 Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting died by apparent suicide, and last week, two students who survived the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School shooting took their own lives.It’s impossible to know the exact reason these people decided to take their lives, but their heartbreaking deaths have sparked conversation about how to support people after unthinkable tragedies, especially over the long term.It took Sherrie Lawson a long time to stop having daily panic attacks.Lawson, now 45, was inside the Washington Navy Yard when a gunman shot 12 people dead and injured three others on Sept. 16, 2013. She escaped by scaling an 8-foot brick wall. She knew three of the victims personally.”In the immediate aftermath of the shooting, I was in shock. I was confused,” she told NPR’s Scott Simon. “It took a lot of time to process what was going on. But after about a month or so, my symptoms actually became worse.”She wasn’t sleeping. She was having nightmares almost daily, as well as panic attacks. It was hard for her to focus. On normal visits to the grocery store, Lawson found herself constantly scanning her surroundings for possible danger and checking for escape exits.”Going into grocery stores was really difficult for me because I couldn’t see over the rows of food,” she said.This reminded her of building 197, where the Washington Navy Yard shooting took place, because building 197 was a cube farm.”It was just rows and rows of cubes and it was a maze,” she said.The similarities were enough to trigger panic attacks for Lawson. She said she’s had panic attacks the in the middle of the grocery store and in comparable environments like Target.”After probably the third month of experiencing this, I realized that I was not OK and that I needed some help. So I did seek out a doctor,” she said.Once she got professional medical help, Lawson was officially diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depressive disorder and severe anxiety. She also struggled with suicidal thoughts.”I felt like this was gonna be my life forever,” she said. “I didn’t see it getting better and I just I didn’t want to live like that.”Because of the level of stress she was experiencing, Lawson started to experience heart issues. About one year after the shooting, she suffered a mini-stroke because her right carotid artery burst spontaneously and she was hospitalized. The burst artery was attributed to her high stress levels.After that, Lawson decided to put her health first — she dropped out of work and school. At the time of the shooting, she was a doctoral candidate working on her dissertation.”I did have to come out of that program and pretty much drop all of the major responsibilities that I had had in my life at that point and focus solely on my health and just trying to get better,” she said.Her doctor entered her into a PTSD trauma intensive program, which put her in numerous types of therapy almost every day from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m., and gave her medication to help her function. Now, more than five years after the shooting, Lawson no longer has daily panic attacks, and said she’s in a much better place. She said that eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy helped her manage her triggers. She has continued to go to various forms of therapy since the shooting. “I don’t want people to think that it’s just kind of this bleak outcome that you’re always you know going to be severely traumatized,” she said. “You do get better.”Still, it is hard for her to hear about new shootings.”They bring back the pain that you feel right after the experience that you’ve had and they can be also very triggering,” she said. “When I do hear about recent shootings and tragedies a lot of times I will begin to have nightmares again. My anxiety ramps up.”When she hears about the latest tragedies, Lawson makes sure to reach out for support. Often, she’ll ask someone to go with her if she needs to go to the grocery store, or if she thinks she’ll encounter any other triggers. She, however, said that after tragedies she tends to stay home a little more.One thing that helps Lawson, in addition to her therapy, is working with The Rebels Project, a volunteer community outreach non-profit founded by Columbine survivors that provides support to people after trauma.”Just hearing Columbine survivors talk about some things that they continue to struggle with in life was very validating for me and it helped me to feel less almost abnormal or like there was something just damaged or wrong with me because I was still struggling too,” she said.It’s important to seek help after a traumatic event, Lawson said. But she said that sometimes needing help is stigmatized. She said that some of her own friends and people in her support system didn’t understand why she was still struggling several months after the Washington Navy Yard shooting.”A couple of them, you know, questioned it. I was told by one friend that I was choosing to dwell on what happened and be depressed. … Statements like that weren’t very beneficial and I really began to isolate and just stay to myself,” she said.An important step for many survivors is to break through the stigma around mental health and around seeking therapy, Lawson said. She also said it’s important not to invalidate survivors’ experiences.”I don’t believe that people ever ‘get over it,’ ” she said. “It’s always gonna be a part of you — a part of your story, in your experience — and you learn to manage, and it does get better.” Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.
Labour, the Green party and the Liberal Democrats have called for the government to act on claims of widespread dishonesty by the medical professionals paid to compile benefits assessment reports, following a two-month investigation by Disability News Service (DNS).The three parties spoke out after DNS shared the findings of the investigation with key opposition figures.DNS has examined more than 20 cases in which claimants of personal independence payment (PIP) – which is replacing working-age disability living allowance – have described how the healthcare professionals who carried out their face-to-face assessments subsequently produced dishonest reports.The dishonesty includes assessors refusing to accept further written evidence from medical experts; wrongly claiming that detailed physical examinations had been carried out during the assessment; refusing to list all of a claimant’s medications; ignoring or misreporting key evidence told to them in the assessment; and reporting that a claimant had refused to co-operate with a physical examination, when they were instead unable to complete it because of their impairment.Jonathan Bartley (pictured), co-leader of the Green party, called for an independent investigation.He said: “This investigation reveals that is not sick and disabled people who are lying but those who are assessing them. “The shocking prevalence of inaccurate assessments which are denying desperately needed support obliterates any remaining pretence that PIP assessments are fair.“The system should be looking after those who need help and acting with their best interests at heart, not working against them and making things worse.“Behind each of these stories and the hundreds of complaints are people who are suffering, whose lives have been disrupted, turned upside down or in some cases destroyed. “It is clear these cases are not isolated incidents. There should be a full-scale investigation as a matter of urgency to reveal the full extent of what is going on, and that should ideally be carried out independently of the DWP, to avoid any cover-up, as we saw over the deaths of benefit claimants.”Debbie Abrahams, Labour’s shadow work and pensions secretary, said the evidence produced by DNS was “truly shocking”, and she repeated last year’s call by Labour to investigate the conduct of assessors.She said: “We have seen from this and other investigations, including the [Channel 4] Dispatches programme in April 2016, that there are significant flaws in the PIP assessment process and with the conduct of many assessors. “Last year, Labour called for the department to undertake an investigation into the conduct of assessors, yet ministers refused to take action. “Unlike the work capability assessment, the government plans to continue assessing all disabled people for PIP, regardless of their condition and the fact that 65 per cent of PIP appeals are successful. “The impact on disabled people of having to fight the DWP for support to which they are entitled cannot be underestimated; causing distress, anxiety and negatively impacting on their health. “It is clear that the assessment process is wholly inappropriate and, in light of this investigation, ministers must take action now.”The disabled Liberal Democrat peer Baroness [Celia] Thomas, who speaks for her party on disability, said the investigation and its findings were “timely” and called for DWP to audit all of its assessors.She said the claims reflected the letters and emails she and other disabled peers receive about PIP assessors “who do not take proper notice of medical reports, do not listen properly to claimants and do not remember to ask about the reliability criteria which governs all descriptors”.She said: “DWP needs to conduct a thorough audit of all assessors to make sure disabled people are not being penalised by assessors who are not up to the job.”DWP has been handed eight cases of named claimants who have come forward to make allegations that healthcare professionals working for the outsourcing giants Capita and Atos lied in the reports they wrote after carrying out face-to-face assessments.But DWP also turned down the opportunity to see many more cases, in which claimants have asked DNS not to reveal their personal details to the department.Despite the findings of the investigation, DWP has refused to accept that there is any dishonesty at all among the medical professionals paid to compile assessment reports, and has refused to take any action to address the concerns.Asked why there were so many cases of dishonesty involving assessors working for Capita and Atos, a DWP spokeswoman said: “We do not accept this is the case.”She added: “We expect the highest standards from the contractors who carry out PIP assessments.“We do not accept it to be the case that there is dishonesty amongst them.”Asked whether DWP would act on the information provided by DNS, she said: “We are committed to making sure the PIP assessment process works fairly and effectively, which is why we welcome independent reviews such as the ones led by Paul Gray, the second of which is expected in April 2017.”She added: “Assessment providers have their own complaints processes in place, and if claimants are not satisfied with providers’ response they will be signposted to the Independent Case Examiner (ICE). “Over 1.9 million PIP claims have been decided since April 2013 to September 2016 and in this time only a tiny fraction of complaints regarding providers’ service standards have been upheld by ICE.“If ICE upholds a complaint against the provider, the provider incurs a penalty charge and is also required to pay the claimant any financial redress recommended by ICE.“PIP customer satisfaction is up by more than 10 per cent since last year, and we expect these trends to continue following new improvements.“We continue to work with disability stakeholders to ensure the PIP assessment process is working well.”Asked if there was a serious problem with Atos and Capita assessors lying in their assessment reports, she said: “No, our providers are committed to providing a high-quality, sensitive and respectful service by conducting fair, accurate and objective assessments.“Independent audit is in place to ensure advice provided to DWP decision makers is of suitable quality, fully explained and justified.“Both Atos and Capita are required to ensure that the health professionals carrying out assessments have knowledge of the clinical aspects and likely functional effects of a wide range of health conditions and impairments.“All health professionals undertaking assessments on behalf of DWP must be registered practitioners who have also met requirements around training and competence.“They must be: an occupational therapist, level one nurse, physiotherapist, paramedic or doctor.“They must also be fully registered and have at least two years post full-registration experience.”She added: “All health professionals receive comprehensive training in disability analysis which includes a functional evaluation as to how medical conditions and the long-term medical treatment of those conditions affect an individual’s ability to perform day-to-day activities.“Prior to carrying out an assessment, the health professional routinely refreshes their knowledge of any condition with which they are not fully familiar.”She added: “We expect the highest standards from the contractors who carry out PIP assessments, and work closely with them to ensure PIP is working in the best way possible.“We work extensively with the PIP assessment providers (Atos and Capita) and disability representative groups to make improvements to guidance, training and audit procedures in order to ensure a quality service.”Capita refused to answer any questions about the allegations, including how many complaints it had received during 2016 about assessors not being truthful in their assessment reports; whether it believed this was a serious problem; and why it believed there were so many cases in which assessors were apparently failing to complete their assessment reports honestly.Instead, it delivered the following statement: “We expect all of our assessors to undertake assessments as outlined by DWP and in-line with our comprehensive training.“We expect all assessors to behave in a way that meets both our high professional standards and those of their professions.“We are not involved in the decision making process or informed of claimants’ outcomes.”Atos acknowledged receipt of an email from DNS detailing the investigation, but refused to respond further.Picture by Pete Lopeman
A new user-led campaign is calling on the government to address the “disgraceful” and “unacceptable” treatment experienced by disabled rail passengers.Transport for All (TfA) has issued a series of seven demands to the government and rail industry as part of its Rail Access Now campaign, and has described the current situation as a source of “national shame”.Next month, on 5 April, TfA is planning a protest about access to services on the much-criticised Southern Rail network.The campaign has been backed by Paralympian Anne Wafula Strike and commuter Dave McQuirk, who both spoke this week of the “shocking” treatment they have received when using the rail system as wheelchair-users.Among TfA’s demands is for the government to reverse the “shameful” decision to defer until at least 2019 nearly half of the planned spending on its Access for All programme, which provides funding to improve access at rail stations.The funding delays were first revealed by Disability News Service last April.TfA also wants to see a system that allows disabled passengers to “turn up and go” if they want to travel by train, rather than having to book assistance 24 hours in advance.McQuirk told this week how he had to book assistance in order to guarantee that he can travel to work on the rail system as a commuter.But he said that his assistance fails to turn up for nearly half of his journeys, forcing him to drag himself onto the train, despite his frequent complaints.He said: “I’m an articulate, confident, regular traveller and I still have this incredible stressful ‘will I, won’t I?’ worry every morning.“Everyone knows commuting is tedious and subject to disruption – I can put up with that.“What I find infuriating is the difficulty, delay and uncertainty that I face just because I’m a wheelchair-user trying to use the railway network like anyone else.“That’s why Transport for All’s Rail Access Now campaign is so important.“It’s time we held the government and train operators to account for their record on accessibility.”Wafula Strike has backed the campaign after revealing earlier this year how she was forced to wet herself on a CrossCountry train because the accessible toilet was out of order.She said: “I was robbed of my dignity on one of my train journeys.“It made me feel like I should just stay in behind closed doors.“Having access to a toilet is such a basic right and I know I am just one of so many other disabled people who have suffered from this – that’s why I chose to speak out.“I may have an impairment but the barriers society puts in my path are the only things that hold me back.”Other campaign demands are to ensure there are working audio-visual announcements on every train and platform; to allow mobility scooters on every train; to stop staff cuts and provide assistance at every station and on every train; to guarantee “fully accessible trains with working accessible facilities”; and to ensure there is a clear accessibility standard in the rail franchising process.The Department for Transport had not commented on the campaign by noon today (Thursday).But a spokesman for the Rail Delivery Group, which represents train operators and Network Rail, said: “Rail services are more accessible than ever.“We don’t have a fully accessible rail network yet, but there have been huge improvements as we work to make it as easy as possible for everyone to enjoy travelling with us.“We value the contribution of Transport for All, campaigners and disabled customers to our work and plans to improve services, trains and stations – and their help in securing more funding for more improvements. “Record numbers of disabled people are travelling by train and the vast majority simply turn up and go, but we know we can do better.“We want to ensure that those who most require assistance get the help they need too.“A European Commission report (2013) rated Britain’s railway the most accessible in Europe, and all trains must be fully accessible by 2020 [which will include audio-visual announcements].”He said that more than half (52 per cent) of stations have step-free access, to and between all platforms, to an “acceptable” level – compared to 44 per cent in 2005.On “turn up and go”, he said: “Customers who haven’t pre-booked assistance will never be turned away.“There may be a wait, but the train company will make the necessary arrangements for the customer.”He added: “Train companies have procedures for providing assistance or alternative arrangements when a station is unstaffed.”And he said that government and Office of Road and Rail policy was that “mobility scooters and wheelchairs must be treated the same.“For safety reasons mobility scooters and wheelchairs are not allowed on board if they are too big for the wheelchair space.“Train companies are in discussion about a possible common policy on mobility scooters.”He said the industry was “always working to improve customer information so that people can make more informed choices”.But Faryal Velmi, TfA’s director, said: “It beggars belief that in 2017 rail companies, despite making handsome profits, are being allowed to treat disabled people in this way.“How many more horrific stories of the shameful treatment disabled people experience on a daily basis need to hit the headlines before the government take action?“It’s time for us to take the fight to the government and the train operating companies and demand that they protect disabled people’s basic right to travel and live their lives like anyone else.“That’s why we’re launching Rail Access Now.”Picture: Transport for All campaigners at a rail access protest in 2015
Register Now » VIP Contributor Image credit: Shutterstock 5 Things to Have in Place Before Hiring Freelancers Add to Queue Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. Co-founder of Hostt Free Webinar | July 31: Secrets to Running a Successful Family Business Next Article August 12, 2016 5 min read –shares Businesses are increasingly embracing freelancers, realizing the many benefits of using contract workers for their projects. With more than 20 million people expected to leave the workforce to become freelancers in the next five years, businesses will find themselves dealing with a talent shortage.Unfortunately, half of all businesses are still not prepared to bring freelancers onto their teams. Their hiring processes are set in stone, with new employees recruited, chosen and promised an annual salary.“It was quite shocking for us to see how few companies are actually well-equipped to work with tech freelancers,” said 10x founder Rishon Blumberg. “Some companies have great practices in place, while others require a lot of hand holding to help ensure a freelance project runs smoothly. Part of our mission is to help modernize the way companies engage with freelancers, especially strategic freelancers like the ones we represent.” Related: 4 Ways Enterpreneurs Can Prepare to Engage With Today’s FreelancersTo accommodate a new freelance-driven marketplace, businesses must shift the way they think of their teams, and put processes in place that make it work. Here are a few things you should do to prepare your businesses for freelancers.1. Have a recruiting strategy.Finding talented freelancers can be complicated, but if you have a network in place from the start, it’s easier. Ask colleagues for referrals, and use online job boards to build a core group of reliable freelancers that you can turn to every time you need work completed. If you need highly-specialized workers at an affordable rate, consider working with a specialist who matches freelancers with the businesses that need their skills. Set aside at least a few minutes to speak one-on-one to each freelancer before making a hiring decision. This can help avoid freelancers who don’t follow through.2. Know your budget.Pay can be a sticking point when trying to line up freelance workers. Many professionals have a set rate for each project, so one of the first questions about any potential job should be about pay range. If you set your offering prices too low, you’ll have difficulty attracting experienced talent, but if your rates are too high, you’ll quickly run through your budget. Calculate the amount you can afford to pay before you start your search. If you notice you can’t win workers at that rate, consider increasing it.Related: 5 Tips for Hiring Freelancers Who Will Boost Your Business3. Assign a manager.Someone on your team will need to manage freelance workers, which can be complicated if they’re working remotely. Coordinating on-site team members and telecommuters, whether they’re salaried or contract, can be challenging, so it’s important to find someone who will take the responsibility seriously. The manager should at least have a working knowledge of the duties that will be assigned to freelancers — which isn’t always possible, especially if a business needs specialized work such as application development or data analytics.4. Set up paperwork.Before beginning your freelancer search, you’ll need to have paperwork in place that will address all of the regulatory requirements for working with contractors. Make sure each worker knows the scope of the work, as well as the methods through which work should be transmitted to you.You’ll need to have a completed W-9 form on file for each freelancer, as well as a bookkeeping process that tracks each dollar you pay for reporting to tax authorities. If in doubt, you should have a bookkeeper and HR expert review your forms, accounting processes and paperwork to ensure you’re above board with everything you’re doing.5. Choose technology.Your workers will need tools on hand to do their work and communicate with your management team. You’ll likely need online collaboration software that lets team members work together no matter where they are. You’ll also need a way to communicate face-to-face with those workers, especially if getting together in person is out of the question.Related: Remote Control: The Tools and Tactics You Need to Manage a Far-Flung WorkforceA video chat service for multiple meeting participants is essential when working with freelancers and salaried employees who aren’t in the office. Finally, consider how you’ll pay freelancers and put resources in place that will make it easy to ensure contractors get paid in a timely manner.Freelancers will soon become an essential part of operating a business. It’s important that companies start preparing for the trend now. By researching as much as possible about what your business needs to legally work with freelancers, you can start to ready your environment for a new way of hiring. Peter Daisyme Learn how to successfully navigate family business dynamics and build businesses that excel. Freelancers
Major tech companies remove Alex Jones for hate, bullying (Update) Citation: Twitter chief defends not booting Infowars (2018, August 8) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-08-twitter-chief-defends-booting-infowars.html © 2018 AFP Apple, Facebook, Spotify and YouTube have all banned Jones, who runs the website Infowars.”We’re going to hold Jones to the same standard we hold to every account, not taking one-off actions to make us feel good in the short term, and adding fuel to new conspiracy theories,” Dorsey said in a tweet.”We know that’s hard for many, but the reason is simple: he hasn’t violated our rules. We’ll enforce if he does.”In a series of tweets on the subject, Dorsey said Twitter reasoned that it was journalists’ job to shine the light of truth on unsubstantiated rumors or sensationalized issues.”If we succumb and simply react to outside pressure, rather than straightforward principles we enforce (and evolve) impartially regardless of political viewpoints, we become a service that’s constructed by our personal views that can swing in any direction,” Dorsey tweeted.”That’s not us.”Jones has described Monday’s retaliation from an array of Internet giants as a “coordinated communist-style crackdown,” but it followed months of criticism demanding the social media services do more to combat disinformation and hate discourse.His site Infowars has accused victims of the 2012 Sandy Hook school shooting of being “actors” in a plot to discredit the gun lobby. Hoaxes and plotsFacebook said Jones violated its hate speech policies, adding that the pages were taken down for “glorifying violence, which violates our graphic violence policy, and using dehumanizing language to describe people who are transgender, Muslims and immigrants, which violates our hate speech policies.”Gunman Adam Lanza killed 26 people, including 20 children at the Connecticut school. Jones has repeatedly claimed the massacre was a hoax and that the parents of the murdered first graders were actors, an accusation that has sparked death threats against some of the bereaved mothers and fathers.Among the conspiracy theories Jones has peddled are charges that the US government was behind numerous terrorist attacks, including the September 11, 2001 strikes on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon.Spotify, the streaming music online service, had already removed a number of Jones’s podcasts last week, accusing them of breaking its own hate-speech rules. On Monday, the Swedish company went a step further and banned his program altogether.Apple removed most of Jones’s podcasts for violating hate speech guidelines.In late July, YouTube took down videos posted by Jones and suspended him for 90 days. After Jones sought to skip the suspension by broadcasting live on other YouTube channels, the online video platform said it closed down all of his affiliated channels, which counted some 2.4 million subscribers.Pinterest also removed the InfoWars account.Several ultra-conservative websites showed support for Jones, publicly backing his claim that he was a victim of a plot by Big Tech companies. Twitter chief Jack Dorsey defended Tuesday his company’s decision to allow far-right conspiracy theorist Alex Jones to use the platform to spread his message, saying he hasn’t broken user rules. Explore further Jack Dorsey is defending Twitter’s decision to allow Alex Jones to keep using the microblogging platform This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Citation: Electrical engineers look to the human immune system for clues on how to best protect digital networks (2019, April 3) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-04-electrical-human-immune-clues-digital.html Engineers at the University of South Florida have developed a new type of cybersecurity software that mimics the human immune system. It’s a concept that’s beginning to be explored more and more by researchers in a variety of fields: What does the human body do well and how can we adapt those mechanisms to improve technology or engineering systems?Researchers in the USF Department of Electrical Engineering looked to the human immune system as a model for intrusion detection in wireless sensor networks. The concepts apply equally well to high-value financial or military mission critical networks that may or may not be wireless. The research was published in Procedia Computer Science and has demonstrated extremely promising results in testing.”It’s very logical to develop these software systems based on human systems,” said Salvatore Morgera, Ph.D., a USF professor of electrical engineering and the project’s principal investigator. “Our immune system does a very good job at protecting us – so we wanted to take those mechanisms and adapt them for cybersecurity.”In its simplest form, the human immune system protects the body from pathogens, like germs, viruses and other potentially harmful foreign bodies. If we become infected, our immune system is able to identify and attack the threat in an attempt to keep the body healthy. This idea is exactly what Morgera and his research team hoped to accomplish with their biologically-inspired software. When a network is at risk of being attacked, the software can identify and eliminate the threat. It’s essentially an immune system for a digital network.To develop the software, Morgera, along with USF doctoral students Vishwa Alaparthy and Amar Amouri, broke the immune system down into three layers. The first layer is external protection; how our bodies prevent pathogens from getting inside. In their software, this layer of protection is encryption – a common cybersecurity tool used to keep unauthorized users out of networks. Most network security methods depend almost exclusively on encryption, and while modern encryption techniques are extremely sophisticated, they are not always successful at preventing intrusion. Explore further To combat this risk, researchers looked to the bodies second layer of protection; non-specific resistance. This non-specific immune response acts as a “catch-all”, immediately responding to any foreign-body with a variety of non-specific immune cells. In their software, Morgera and his team developed a similar non-specific response that quickly recognizes any intrusion and quarantines the threat for further examination. Just like in the human body, this response acts as a first line of defense when threats enter the system.The third layer that researchers looked at is the immune system’s specific resistance to pathogens. This subsystem of the overall immune system is composed of highly specialized cells that respond to specific pathogens. This response also builds immunological memory, leading to an enhanced response after the initial encounter. Just like in our bodies, the USF-developed software learns from each attack and maintains millions of intrusion-fighting templates it can sort through to fight individual threat attempts. As Morgera states, “The need to sort through millions of intrusion-fighting templates can be a computationally complex undertaking.” Another researcher, Patrick Lie Chin Cheong, and Morgera have developed a highly efficient ‘big data’ approach to the sorting that only takes fractions of a second and can be easily implemented on power-limited sensor networks using small microprocessors.When used in combination, these three mechanisms not only work to keep our bodies healthy but have been shown to be extremely successful in maintaining secure, high value digital networks.Morgera and his team originally began this research as a potential new tool to secure wireless sensor networks deployed by the military. They have worked in collaboration with U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM) to test the software and have seen very promising results. Now, researchers plan to continue to improve the software and make it available for a variety of applications. It’s work that may change the future of cybersecurity around the world. Provided by University of South Florida Advanced digital networks look a lot like the human nervous system More information: Vishwa T. Alaparthy et al. A Study on the Adaptability of Immune models for Wireless Sensor Network Security, Procedia Computer Science (2018). DOI: 10.1016/j.procs.2018.11.003S.D. Morgera et al. Rigid body constrained noisy point pattern matching, IEEE Transactions on Image Processing (2002). DOI: 10.1109/83.382497 Credit: CC0 Public Domain This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
NEW DELHI: Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Tuesday met Vishvesha Teertha Swami of the Pejawara Matha, Udupi, on the occasion of Guru Purnima. “A special day made even more special. On the blessed occasion of Guru Purnima, had the honour of spending time with Sri Vishvesha Teertha Swamiji of the Sri Pejawara Matha, Udupi. Learning from him and hearing his thoughts is a very humbling experience,” he said in a tweet. A special day made even more special. On the blessed occasion of #GuruPurnima, had the honour of spending time wit… https://t.co/9362AM2yw1— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) 1563278814000Vishvesha Teertha Swami is the 32nd head of the Pejavara Matha, which is one of the Ashta Mathas (eight mutts) of Udupi. It is one of the prominent Mathas that follows the Dvaita school of Hindu philosophy. Earlier today, PM Modi extended the greetings on the occasion to all the teachers who had helped shaped the society. सभी देशवासियों को गुरु पूर्णिमा की हार्दिक शुभकामनाएं। On the auspicious day of #GuruPurnima, we bow in reverence… https://t.co/7Q5Kr9IQ8c— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) 1563246352000″On the auspicious day of Guru Purnima, we bow in reverence to all our Gurus who have played an important role in inspiring, moulding and shaping our society,” Modi’s earlier tweet read. Download The Times of India News App for Latest India News.XStart your day smart with stories curated specially for you