Only half of Costa Ricas roadway network is in good condition study

first_imgRelated posts:President Solís pledges to repair road to Monteverde by next year Work to begin on new road to Costa Rica’s Monteverde cloud forest community Road to Monteverde to be paved President Solís demands explanation for spike in traffic jams The percentage of Costa Rican roads in good condition increased over the past two years, theUniversity of Costa Rica‘s National Laboratory of Materials and Structural Models (LANAMME) reported Wednesday. However, the laboratory’s “Seventh Report on the Status of the National Roadway Network” also characterized the country’s roadway maintenance strategy as reactive and poorly planned.The National Roadway Council (CONAVI) repaired and maintained nearly half of the national roadway network during the period covered in the report. However, the number of roads in very bad condition also increased, researchers found.The coordinator of LANAMME’s Transport Infrastructure Program, Luis Loría, said at a press conference that, in general, the national roadway network is still unstable, “because CONAVI mostly repaves roads instead of making in-depth repairs.”The new layers of asphalt or cement are laid over damaged roads, so they are quickly destroyed.“It’s pretty much like putting on make-up,” Loría said.ResultsCosta Rica has 5,053 Kilometers (3,140 miles) of paved roads. Of these, 1,913 Km (1,189 miles) were in good condition in 2015.Two years later, the figure of roads in good condition rose to 2,456 Km (1,531 miles). This means that good roads increased from 38 to 48 percent of the total, LANAMME found.However, the number of miles in poor condition, that is, requiring deep repairs or total rebuilding, increased by 71 percent, from 279 to 478 Km (173-297 miles).Of the 48 percent of roads that are in good condition, 36 percent are in regular condition, while 5 percent require minor repairs.Roy Barrantes, the coordinator of the study, said that the most significant result is that the number of roads in regular condition decreased.“That means road conditions either improved or got worse in the past two years,” he said.Public investmentThe LANAMME study concluded that the government lacks a coherent policy for the maintenance or improvement of the country’s roadway network.The laboratory noted that CONAVI maintains a reactive road policy: they work on a road only when crews find a pothole or other damage.During the past two years, CONAVI allocated ₡14 billion ($24.6 million) for repairs along 907 Km (564 miles) of roads “without achieving the expected results,” the report says.That figure represents 11.5 percent of the ₡122 billion ($213.7 million) invested in maintaining all the country’s paved roads for a year.CONAVI invested that money mostly in fixing potholes and correcting irregularities on the surface, “but those roads actually required major repairs,” the report adds.LANAMME investigators also found several cases of roads where asphalt or cement layers did not have the required thickness to withstand vehicle traffic, so that “those layers deteriorated faster than expected.”Loría said LANAMME recommends that CONAVI change the way it creates contracts for building or fixing roads. Lab experts believe the agency should assign contractors a certain number of routes, and require them to keep them in good condition for a certain period of time.Currently, CONAVI only signs maintenance contracts when crews find potholes or other problems on a road. Facebook Commentslast_img read more

Geneva Switzerland – Reported by Elite Traveler

first_imgGeneva, Switzerland – Reported by Elite Traveler, the Private Jet Lifestyle MagazineAfter seeing the new BMW 5 Series Touring debuted at the recent Geneva Auto Show, BMW’s pitch that it is the perfect symbiosis of driving pleasure, efficiency, versatility and sporting elegance may just be spot on. Powerful design aesthetics, modern premium-level functionality and brand-typical driving dynamics combine with exemplary efficiency that should deliver signature BMW driving thrills. Extensive comfort and safety features, which include numerous exclusive driver assistance systems, round out the appeal.The design of the new BMW 5 Series Touring is characterized by a high level of individuality with regard to its proportions and surface design. Its uniqueness is reflected by dynamic and powerful looks. With its long bonnet, short overhangs, the longest wheelbase in its segment, the stretched silhouette and a steeply inclined roofline, the new BMW 5 Series Touring possesses an elegance unseen in the previous version of the 5 Series.Thanks to a multi-functional interior and intelligent detail solutions, the new version can meet the most diverse demands. The luggage compartment has a capacity of 560 litres. If desired, an increase in capacity to a maximum of 1,670 litres is guaranteed by 40:20:40 split folding rear seats, which are unique in this segment. The backrest angle is variable by up to 11 degrees. The backrest can be folded down using two control levers inside the luggage compartment, the loading space cover of which is automatically lowered when the tailgate is closed. The separately opening rear window automatically swings upwards at the push of a button.The most advanced drivetrain and suspension technologies ensure supreme sportiness and a higher level of motoring comfort. Optional Dynamic Driving Control enables drivers to set the suspension individually to their personal requirements. The new BMW 5 Series Touring features as standard pneumatic suspension on the rear axle, including automatic self-levelling. Adaptive Drive and Integral Active Steering are optionally available.The new BMW 5 Series Touring is making its debut with a choice of two straight-six engines as well as a four-cylinder and a six-cylinder diesel. The BMW 520d Touring is powered by a 135 kW/184 bhp four-cylinder turbo diesel power unit featuring an aluminium crankcase and Common Rail direct injection. It is equipped with Auto Start Stop function as a standard feature, and with an average fuel consumption of 5.2 litres/100km (54.3 mpg) and a CO2 emission level of 137 g/km in an EU test cycle, it achieves the best efficiency in its segment.The straight-six engine with BMW TwinPower Turbo under the bonnet of the BMW 535i Touring, with High Precision Injection and VALVETRONIC, develops a power output of 225 kW/306 bhp. Maximum power output of the straight-six engine featured in the BMW 523i Touring in lean operation is 150 kW/204 bhp. The BMW 530d Touring features a straight six-cylinder diesel with a 180 kW/245 bhp output. Thanks to BMW BluePerformance technology it fulfils the EU6 emission standard. All versions of the new BMW 5 Series Touring fully comply with the EU5 requirement.www.bmw.comlast_img read more